The 2011 and 2012 European Quizzing Championships events highlighted the increasing trend of quizzers choosing to play for countries other than those in which they were born. Since we have tended to follow football’s model, the IQA directors note a report submitted to FIFA (14 September 2010) after a comparison was made of the nationality rules of FIFA and UEFA with those of the IOC, in the light of Court of Arbitration for Sport rulings which state that the possibility of changing nationality must remain open to athletes (the Court also suggested possible changes to football’s regulations that may assist it with its aim of preserving the strength of national teams).
Now then is a good time to explain once more our approach to eligibility, in particular switching nationality and quizzers playing for countries in which they were not born or with which they are not commonly associated. This approach appears herewith, in the form of our formal rules.
N.B. the rules apply to senior national teams only. This is because, since the European Quizzing Championships (EQC) Nations Tournament was restricted to senior sides only (2006 onwards), the only official IQA team matches involving junior national sides have been in the ‘Aspirational Cup’ contested at the EQC. This is a competition open to all EQC attendees, and features teams of no particular, or mixed, stated affiliation.
Please note: with all IQA rules, our aim is to be gender neutral (unless there are overwhelming, practical reasons to distinguish the sexes). Accordingly, where in this document the word “he” or “his” appears, this can be taken to read “she” and “her” also.
1. When playing in international competition as an individual, a person may choose to represent any country whose senior national team he is eligible to play for, regardless of whether he has been selected to play in said team.
2. Each national team must be selected from players who hold the nationality of its country and who comply with the provisions of paragraphs a. to b. below.
(a)(i). A player holding a permanent nationality that is not dependent on residence in a certain country is eligible to play for and or represent that country.
(ii). Subject to the conditions in paragraph 4 below, any player who has already participated in a match (either in full or in part) in an official IQA competition for one national team may not play an international match for a representative team of another country.
(b). A player may represent more than one Association so long as that player, in addition to having the relevant nationality, fulfils at least one of the following conditions:
(i). His birth is in the territory of the relevant Association;
(ii). Either his biological mother or father was born in the territory of the Association;
(iii). Either his grandmother or grandfather were born in the territory of the Association; or
(iv). The player has lived continuously in the territory of the Association for at least two (2) years.
3. A player who assumes a new nationality and who has not already participated in a match for another Association, is eligible to play for a new Association so long as he satisfies one of the following conditions:
(a) He was born on the territory of the relevant Association;
(b) His biological mother or biological father was born on the territory of the relevant Association;
(c) his grandmother or grandfather was born on the territory of the relevant Association; or
(d) He has lived continuously for at least five years after reaching the age of 18 on the territory of the relevant Association.
4. If a Player has more than one nationality, or if a Player acquires a new nationality, or if a Player is eligible to play for several representative teams due to nationality, he may, only once, request to change the Association for which he is eligible to play international matches to the Association of another country of which he holds nationality, subject to the following conditions:
(a) He has not played a match (either in full or in part) in an official competition for his current Association, and at the time of his first full or partial appearance in an international match in an official competition for his current Association, he already had the nationality of the representative team for which he wishes to play.
(b) He is not permitted to play for his new Association in any competition in which he has already played for his previous Association.
(c) The IQA requires that any change in Association be agreed between the player’s existing and desired national bodies. Only if both freely agree to a change will the IQA recognise it. Any such changes shall be duly notified to the IQA and will only come into force when details are recorded in the schedule to these rules.
(d) A player who has exercised their right to switch teams/Associations must wait a minimum of three calendar years before making any subsequent switch, the time to run from when their latest change is recorded in the schedule to these rules.
Schedule: details of quizzers who have switched teams/Associations
1. Barry Simmons. From England to Scotland, effective 1 July 2010.
Great Britain Associations
Action is ongoing to create formal committees via which Associations representing constituent parts of the UK liaise with each other. The England national team is currently overseen by IQA director Chris Jones (this may change), but in the meantime he has been charged, as of 29 January 2013, with the task of encouraging these newly forming committees to formalise arrangements vis a vis which of the national sides players holding British nationality, or who are otherwise eligible to play for UK based teams, will or may represent.
The IQA notes that in June 2010 FIFA approved an amendment to eligibility ruling 15 (d) of the agreement between the Four British Associations [analogous to IQA rule 2(d)]…
“Under Article 15 of the FIFA regulations, a player who is eligible to represent more than one association on account of British nationality shall now be assessed according to the following criteria:
a ) He was born on the territory of the relevant Association
b ) His biological mother or biological father was born on the territory of the relevant Association
c ) His grandmother or grandfather was born on the territory of the relevant Association
d ) He has engaged in a minimum of 5 years education under the age of 18 within the territory of the relevant Association.”
The original head d) had specified “…Primary and/or Secondary education…”